The Mobile Homes Act 2013 introduces new powers and duties for the Local Authority in respect of residential park home and caravan sites which are occupied by persons other than the site licence holder and/or their employees.
The Act gives the Local Authority:
- Powers to charge fees for licences
- Powers to refuse licences
- New enforcement powers to tackle breach of licence conditions
- A duty to maintain and publish a register of Site Rules
For further information about how the changes affect you, download the leaflet Park homes: know your rights from the Department for Communities and Local Government. Another source of information and advice is the Leasehold Advisory Service , a Non Departmental Public Body funded by Government to provide free legal advice to leaseholders, landlords, professional advisers, managers and others on the law affecting residential leasehold.
Why do sites need a licence?
The Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 prohibits the use of land as a caravan site unless the occupier holds a site licence issued by the local authority. A caravan is any structure designed or adapted for human habitation which is capable of being moved from one place to another (whether by being towed, or by being transported on a motor vehicle or trailer) and any motor vehicle so designed or adapted, but not railway rolling stock which is for the time being on rails forming part of a railway system, or a tent. If you want to site a caravan on land you need a licence unless one of the following exceptions applies: ·
- Incidental use within the curtilage of a dwelling.
- A single caravan for not more than two nights and 28 days in any 12 months.
- Holdings of five acres or more if not used for more than 28 days in any 12 months and a maximum of three caravans at a time.
- Sites occupied and supervised by exempted organisations and used for the purpose of recreation.
- Sites of up to five caravans certified by an exempt organisation and which are for members for recreational purposes.
- Meetings organised by exempted organisations.
- Sites occupied by a local authority.
- Sites for temporary and special purposes such as agricultural and forestry workers, building and engineering sites and travelling showmen.
- Gypsy sites occupied by county councils.
*Exempt organisations include The Caravan Club, The Camping Club of Great Britain and Ireland, The Scout Association, The Girl Guides Association and The Caravan Club
Every site licence will have site licence conditions attached to it. These conditions set out standards governing the layout of the park, provision of facilities and the maintenance of the park. The Local Authority is responsible for ensuring that site licence conditions are met by the park owner.
The Licence will set out conditions which cover the following matters:-
- Number and type of homes
- Site layout and plan
- Density, parking and spacing between homes
- Roads, gateways and overhead cables
- Footpaths, pavements and hardstandings
- Lighting and electrical supply
- Supply and storage of gas
- Water supply, drainage and refuse
- Fire safety measures
Different types of sites will have different sets of conditions.
New Fees Policy
In most cases a fee is chargeable for administration of functions under the Mobile Homes Act 2013 in relation to:
- Annual Licence Fee
- New Licences, transfer and amendments
- Registering site rules (etc)
Full details can be found in our fee policy.
We aim to process the licence within two months of receiving a complete application, or within six weeks of the proposed licence holder receiving planning consent if the licence application has been submitted before this. In some circumstances this may be extended, we will write to you if this will happen.
Site rules for Residential Caravan Sites
The site owner may set site rules on residential caravan sites. The Council does not enforce these rules, although some rules may be a duplicate of the site licence conditions. The site rules are part of the contract between the home owner and site owner, and supplement the Mobile Homes Act Agreement.
The Council is required to keep and publish a register of site rules. We will update this page when we are notified by site owners that rules are in force. The rules that appear below have been written by the site owners, and not Telford & Wrekin Council.
- Association of Caravan and Camping Exempted Organisations
- British Holiday & Home Parks Association (BH&HPA)
- National Caravan Council (NCC)