What is Neighbourhood Planning?
Neighbourhood planning is a new way for communities to decide the future of the places where they live and work, it is optional, not compulsory. Neighbourhood Planning is being delivered through the Localism Act (November 2011) and Neighbourhood Planning (General) Regulations 2012, these introduce new provisions where Town and Parish Councils will be able to prepare Neighbourhood Development Plans (NDPs) and Neighbourhood Development Orders (NDOs).
Neighbourhood Development Plans (NDPs)
The plan can enable communities to establish general planning policies for development and use of land in a neighbourhood. They will be able to say, for example, where new homes and offices should be built, and what they should look like. The plan will set a vision for the future. It can be detailed, or general, depending on what local people want.
- Madeley Neighbourhood Plan
- Waters Upton Neighbourhood Plan
- Edgmond Neighbourhood Plan
- Newport Neighbourhood Plan
- Lilleshall Neighbourhood Plan - Referendum
- Ercall Magna Neighbourhood Plan - designation of a neighbourhood area
- Stirchley and Brookside Neighbourhood Plan - designation of a neighbourhood area
- Donnington and Muxton Neighbourhood Development Plan - designation of a neighbourhood area
Neighbourhood Development Orders (NDOs)
The order can enable the community to grant planning permission for new buildings they want to see go ahead. Orders will allow new homes and offices to be built without the developers having to apply for separate planning permission.
Telford and Wrekin is a fully parished area, therefore Neighbourhood Planning will be led by Town and Parish Councils. Elsewhere in England non-parished areas exist, in these areas Neighbourhood Forums will need to be established to take forward plans and orders.
Ground rules and process
The preparation of plans and orders involves a number of stages, and the requirement to follow some ground rules:
- they must have regard to national planning policies and guidance
- they must be in general conformity with the strategic policies contained in the development plan for the area of the authority
- they must not breach European obligations, for example, Habitats Regulations
- they are pro-sustainable development and support the Local Planning Authority's strategic vision for the area, communities:
- cannot use Neighbourhood Planning to block the building of new homes and businesses
- they can, however, use Neighbourhood Planning to influence the type, design, location and mix of new development
- they are subject to an examination by an independent planning inspector to ensure conformity with the above
- they are required to be supported via a local community referendum with an outcome of over 50% in favour
- once they have successfully passed these stages, they can be adopted ('made') by the Local Planning Authority as part of the statutory planning framework - carrying real legal weight.